The Human-Centered Interfaces Research Group logo in a collage showing a learning group, a handheld device, a remote control for Interactive Digital Television and a Braille reader

Authoring Systems incl. CBT

(Master's Degree Program Multimedia Management - 3rd quarter)

This course is obligatory for all students having their focus on Communication Design.


  1. Tutorial Systems: Authoring Languages (EML)
  2. Learning Theories: Behaviorism, Cognitivsm
  3. Learning Platforms: XML-based data modelling
  4. Computer Supported Collaborative Work: Conference tools, Collaborative editing
  5. Intelligent Tutorial Systems


Since the early days of computer science in the 1960s, tutorial systems have been built and introduced to educational settings. With the availability of industry standard authoring tools such as Toolbook, etc. the e-learning industry could focus on contents. However investment into e-learning courses only pays off, if a mid-term to long-term approach of re-use of e-learning titles can be achieved, and authoring is possible for non-computer professionals. Today industry and government propose mostly XML-based standard document formats such as SCORM and IMS for e-learning platforms to maintain student records, conduct quizzes and model learning objects. Through learning object metadata based on IEEE 1484.12.1 LOM data model standard instructional design can be based on personalized learner descriptions.

Synchronous communication tools for conferencing scenarios such as a shared whiteboard form the basis for web-based teaching. Industry standard software packages such as Microsoft's Netmeeting are paralleled by open source multi-platform tools such as MBONE. Demand for collaborative tools is rising as through "blended E-Learning" the student is able to access E-Learning titles and to communicate with mentors while still being in the job setting.

Research is focussing on intelligent tutorial systems, which are today mainly applicable to mathematical or science problems. An additional kind of tutorial system are simulations, which are applicable to domains with known mathematical models such as ecological systems. A new development for blended learning is based on mobile and wearable equipment to utilize mobile learning.

In this course practical exercises will be based on the E-Learning platform Moodle, which is available at MMC.


Credits: 2+1 ECTS.

Exercises include analysis of the learning design in sample tutorial systems such as for teaching languages, the development of an XML based quiz, and the characterisation of techniques for personalisation.

Software packages used: E-Conferencer, Moodle, Talk to me, ActiveSlide.

Examination: oral exam.

Recommended Readings


  • Littlejohn A.: Re-using online resources - a sustainable approach to eLearning , London: Kogan Page, 2003. 
  • Koschmann, T.; Miyakee, N.: Computer-Supported Cooperative Learning: CSCL 2 , Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002.
  • Encarnacao, Leidl, Reuter: Die Universität im Jahre 2005 , Informatik-Spektrum, August 2000, pp. 264-270.
  • Gunzenhäuser, R.: Tutorielle Systeme , Institut für Informatik, Universität Stuttgart, 1987.
  • Gerhard Schwabe, Norbert Streitz, Rainer Unland (Ed.): CSCW-Kompendium . Lehr- und Handbuch zum computerunterstützten kooperatives Arbeiten, Springer, 2001.


copyright 2005 Human-Centered Interfaces Research Group. All rights reserved.
Last published: 2005-06-08 14:37:25